The experiment on growing pistachio in the desert continues successfully
Long-term studies of the laboratory of the ecology of forests and pastures of the National Institute of Deserts, Flora and Fauna (NIDFF) are ongoing for the cultivation of local species of nut-bearing crops in the Central Karakum, using collector-drainage and groundwater of various degrees of mineralization.
Guljemal Gurbanmamedova, the senior researcher of this laboratory reported, the research started up in December 2014 to the north of the village of Bokordok near the drainage discharge collector. In 2015 on an experimental plot were planted plain almonds and pistachios. Mineral and organic fertilizers were used in order to improve their growth and development. Laboratory staff plan to connect to the experiment other drought-and salt-tolerant fruit crops. After three years of scientific work, a part of the grown up trees - 450 - pistachios and 350 - almonds were given to the local population for gardening use. The control for the remaining three-year-old trees will be made to determine their salt tolerance.
Similar work at the same time takes place at the stationary section of the institute in Karrykul, where salted takyrs in 1990 and 2007 began to grow a pistachio, which fructifies well. Here, the laboratory experts planted almonds, using for underground water saline waters, the concentration of which is 7 g / l. The nut cultures within two years of experience have adapted to desert conditions.
This kind of scientific work is carried out for the first time. Observations will expand the database of these representatives of the plant world, determine the boundaries of their drought and salt tolerance.